100 MCQs About Natural Disasters

100 MCQs About Natural Disasters

1. Which disaster are most likely to extinguish the human race? – Volcanoes and extraterrestrial impacts


2. What’s the smallest asteroid or comet that could cause devastating effects for humanity? – 1 kilometer wide – the equivalent of about a 10-minute walk


3. What is the biggest coronal mass ejections (CME) on record to hit Earth? – The arrington Event


4. What is the chance that a Carrington-like storm will hit in the next ten years? – 12 %


5. Which of these events may have been responsible for nearly wiping out the human race? – A supervolcano


6. How far does a supervolcano’s incineration zone extend? – 100 Kilometers


7. Where is the world’s biggest earthquake machine located? – Miki, Japan


8. What, according to some scientists, is the ideal post apocalyptic food? – Mushrooms


9. At No. 1 on the list, _____ are the most common natural disaster. – Floods


10. Landslides, tsunamis and avalanches can all be caused by what other natural disaster? –Earthquakes


11. Which volcanic feature is the deadliest?The flow of ash, rock and gasses moving down a volcano’s side


12. The deadliest natural disaster in U.S. history was a _____ that hit Galveston, TX in 1900, killing about 7,000 people. – Hurricane


13. What makes a tornado dark colored? – The dirt and debris it sucks up


14. One of America’s worst natural disasters occurred in 1980, when a _____ damaged much
of the southern U.S. – Heat Wave


15. Below average rainfall for a prolonged period of time is called – Drought


16. What is a Tsunami? – A large wave usually formed by undersea earthquakes and landslides.


17. A sudden movement in the earth’s crust caused by movements of tectonic plates is called? – An earthquake


18. What is a natural disaster? – When a natural hazard impacts on the community causing destruction of property and loss of life.


19. The phenomenon of unusually cool ocean currents off the coast of Australia is called – El Nino


20. The social impacts of natural hazards include: – Loss of income to people or damage to an industry, illnesses cause by hazard, no form of communication


21. Natural Hazards can be separated into _________ and ________ categories. – Economic Impacts and Environmental Impacts


22. Indicates the severity of an earthquake in terms of the damage that it inflicts on structures and people – Intensity Scale


23. Boundary where plates are moving towards each other – Convergent


24. A fan shaped deposit of sand and gravel at the mouth of a mountain canyon where the stream gradient flattens at main valley floor – Alluvial Fan


25. A ground depression caused by collapse into an underground cavern – Sinkhole

 

100 MCQs About Natural Disasters


26. Volcanic dome composed of rhyolite and rhyodacite – Rhyolite Dome


27. Form as sediment is deposited in the slower waters on the inside of the meander bends – Point bar


28. The number peaks per second – Frequency


29. Record local and very strong earthquakes – Strong-motion Seismograph


30. A measure of the total energy expended during an earthquake; depends on its seismic moment determined by: rock shear strength, area of rock, average slip distance offset across the – Moment Magnitude


31. A landslide in which the mass rotates as it slides on a basal slip surface – Rotational Slide


32. Blocky basalt lava with a ragged clinkery surface – Aa Flow


33. Karst-like landscape in permafrost terrain caused by melting of thermofrost under increasing temperatures – Thermokarst


34. Flat-topped volcano formed by an eruption under a glacier – Tuya


35. Molten rock – Magma


36. Record both local and distant earthquakes; but cannot accurately measure strong earthquakes in the direct vicinity – Broadband Seismograph


37. A slurry of rock, sand, water flowing downslope; water usually makes up less than half of the flow volume –Debris Flow


38. Ice that crystallizes in pores between grains of sediment – Interstitial Ice

39. Developed 1953l based on maximum amplitude of earthquake waves recorded on a Wood Anderson Seismograph – Richter Magnitude Scale


40. The total area inundated by the tsunami – Run-out distance


41. The height to which a tsunami wave rushes up onshore – Run-up height


42. Rigid outer rind of Earth approximately 60-100km thick – Lithosphere


43. Maximum angle of which sediment particles can stand without falling (dependent on grain size, grain angularity, moisture content) – Critical Angle of Repose


44. Heavier sediment in a stream that is moved along the stream bed rather than in suspension – Bedload


45. Energy level between Richter Scale Units differs by ______ times – 31.5


46. A flow of mud, rock, and water dominated by clay-sized particles – Mud Flow


47. Rapid movement of land, ranging from cm/hr to m/s of material disappearing almost instantaneously – Collapse


48. Relatively flat lowland that borders a river usually dry but subject to flooding – Floodplain


49. Water saturated sediment jostled by an earthquake rearrange themselves into a closer packing arragement – Liquefaction


50. Where the earthquake actually happens in the earth’s crust, where energy is radiating out from all directions – Focus


51. A circular or oval feature resulting from the dissolution of rock – Doline


52. Natural & Human Created Hazard like floods, droughts, wildland fires, weather phenomena, landslides are called – Hydrometeorological Hazards


53. Type of collision forms continent volcanic arc of stratovolcanoes – Ocean-Continent


54. Basalt lava with a ropy or smooth top – Pahoehoe Flow


55. Magma that flows out onto the ground surface – Lava


56. Fragmental material blown out of a volcano (ex. tephra, cinders, and bombs) – Pyroclastic


57. A particle of volcanic ash between 2mm and 6mm across – Lapilli
58. Type of collision that forms oceanic island arc of basaltic volcanoes – Ocean-Ocean


59. Point where boundaries of 3 plates meet – Triple Junction


60. Natural Hazards like Earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic Eruptions, Asteroid/Comet Impacts, Landslides are called – Geophysical Hazard


61. Rapid discharge of water from an ice-dammed lake, typically resulting from a volcanic eruption – Jokulhlaup


62. Tsunami that strikes area adjacent to its point of origin – Near Field Tsunami


63. A broad expanse of basalt lava that cooled to fill in low-lying areas of the landscape – Flood Basalt


64. An extremely large basalt-lava volcano, gently sloping sides – Shield Volcano


65. Where the earthquake actually appears on the earth’s surface, sometimes there is a rupture at that point – Epicentre


66. Downslope creep driven by sequential freezing and thawing – Gelifluction


67. A huge collapse depression at the Earth’s surface that sank into a near-surface magma chamber during eruption of the magma – Resurgent Caldera


68. The length of a fault broken during an earthquake – Surface Rupture Length


69. Developed in 1902 by Giuseppe Mercalli – Mercalli Intensity Scale


70. Measure earthquakes quantitatively, independent of location and assigns a magnitude value based on energy released – Magnitude Scale

100 MCQs About Natural Disasters


71. Involves the movement of a slab of rock, debris, or cohesive mud as a single unit – Slide


72. The time between seismic waves – Period


73. Extremely rapid downslope movement of large volumes of rock and debris – Sturzstrom


74. Secondary/Shear waves that shake back and forth perpendicular to the direction of wave travel, cannot travel through a liquid (4.5km/s upper mantle, 3.5km/s crust) – S Wave


75. Used to measure earthquakes – Seismograph


76. The potential degree to which an individual or community could be affected by a natural hazard – Sensitivity


77. Records distant earthquakes – Long-period Seismograph


78. A river characterized by multiple, frequency shifting channels – Braided River


79. An ice jam initiated by rpaid change in temperature – Thermal Ice Jam


80. Extremely slow downslope flow of sediment on the surface – Creep


81. Slope of the river channel; typically decreases downstream – Gradient


82. A mudflow associated with volcanic action or involving volcanic materials – Lahar


83. Component of stress perpendicular to the earth’s planar surface (force keeping the boulder/grain from moving) – Normal Stress


84. A flow involving movement of broken rock, with little sand or mud, and particle-particle contact; usually developed in gravel or sand – Grain Flow


85. A mass of cold, solid rock ejected from a volcano – Block

86. Fine materials (dust, ash, and cinders) produced by volcanic action – Tephra


87. An elevation that a stream cannot erode past, controlled by level of the body of water which the stream discharges into – Base Level


88. A landslide that moves along a regular sloping planar surface – Translational Slide


89. Mineral composed of potassium chloride, a salt used in manufacturing fertilizer – Sylvite


90. Mineral or rock composed of sodium chloride; susceptible to dissolution – Halite


91. An event involving a significant number of people and/or significant economic damage – Disaster


92. The deepest parts of the channel along the length of the stream bed – Thalweg


93. Lenses of pure ice developed in permafrost sediment – Segregated Ice


94. An abnormally long wavelength wave produced by sudden displacement of water – Tsunami


95. Topographic line or boundary separating watersheds – Drainage Divide


96. Formed on the ceiling of a cavern when water percolates through fractures in limestone – Stalactite


97. A large steep-sided volcano consisting of layers of ash, fragmental debris and lava – Stratovolcanoes


98. The amount the fault or ridge moves away from its point of origin (aka displacement) – Offset


99. A mass of liquid of partially solidified rock that is ejected from a volcano – Bomb


100. Relatively slow movement of land, typically at rates of cm/yr – Subsidence

https://www.mcqschain.com/what-are-the-miracles-of-prophet-moses/

You may also like...

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: